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Státní maturita z angličtiny
Didaktický test s odpověďmi a cvičení
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Státní maturita z angličtiny. Didaktický test s odpoveďmi a cvičení. 2014 jaro.
Uslyšíte 4 krátké nahrávky. Nejprve uslyšíte otázku a poté vyslechnete nahrávku. Na základě vyslechnutých nahrávek vyberte k úlochám 1-4 vzdy jeden správný obrázek A-C.
Where is the man’s car?
2. Why is Franklin High School closed today?
3. Which car is Sarah waiting in?
4. What is Nicole doing tomorrow night?
2. ČÁST ÚLOHY 5-12 8 bodů/1 bod
Uslyšíte rozhovor manželů před odchodem do restaurace. Na základě vyslechnuté nahrávky rozhodněte, zda jsou tvrzení v úlohách 5-12 pravdivá (P), nebo nepravdivá (N).
5 The wife thinks the blue shirt is old. (N)
6 The husband wants to put on a shirt that brings him luck. (P)
7 The couple has a reservation for 6:15. (P)
8 The babysitter is late. (P)
9 Mark passed his history exam. (N)
10 Mark will go to school by car the next morning. (N)
11 The wife cannot leave for the restaurant yet because she is doing her make-up. (N)
12 The couple will send the money to the babysitter through the bank account. (N)
3. ČÁST ÚLOHY 13-19 7 bodů/1 bod
Uslyšíte hovořit průvodkyni při prohlídce domu Ernesta Hemingwaye. Na základě vyslechnuté nahrávky doplňte informace na vynechaná místa v úlohách 13-19.
V odpovědích použijte nejvýše 3 slova. Čísla můžete zapisovat číslicemi. První úloha slouží jako vzor (0).
Pauline was Hemingway’s (0) 2.” wife.
Ernest Hemingway wrote (13)(twenty/20) novels in Key West.
Ernest Hemingway first came to Key West in (smoke/cigarette smoke/smoking/cigarettes)
(14)Ernest Hemingway collected (15)(seven/7)
The (16) (Galloway) in the living room was used during a theatre performance
Ernest Hemingway had (17)(Tuesday)and cats as pets.
Hemingway got his first cat from a/an (18) (piano)
A/An (19) (CDs/CD/Compact disc/compact discs/music) used to stand in the place where the swimming pool is now.
4. ČÁST ÚLOHY 20-23 4 body/1 bod
Uslyšíte čtyři krátké nahrávky. Nejprve uslyšíte otázku a poté vyslechnete nahrávku. Na
základě vyslechnutých nahrávek vyberte k úlohám 20-23 vždy jednu správnou odpověd’ A-C.
20 What does the man say about his new flatmate?
21 Why did the man receive a fine today?
He received a fine because:
22 What was the real reason Richard cancelled the date?
Richard cancelled the date because:
23 What is wrong with the man’s new shoes?
ČTENÍ A JAZYKOVÁ KOMPETENCE
ČÁST 5 ÚLOHY 24-28
Přečtěte si pět krátkých textů. Na základě informací v textech vyberte k úlohám 24-28 vždy jednu správnou odpověd’ A-D
It Happened in Baghdad…
In November of 2004, a group of American soldiers entered an empty house in Baghdad. They were ready to attack the source of the noise coming from around the corner. What they found, however, wasn’t a dangerous enemy but a puppy. Although it is against the law, the soldiers adopted the dog, named him Lava and decided to take him with them to the USA – an almost impossible task! Dogs need vaccinations to cross borders, but the American military vets wouldn’t even look at civilian dogs, and Iraqi vets weren’t willing to help either. Many attempts to get Lava out failed, but the soldiers never gave up and Lava finally found a new home in California.
25. What is the main idea of the article?
Elephants in Russia
When one circus carriage suddenly caught fire during an international tour in the Novosibirsk region, Russia, two elephants were taken out of the burning carriage into the bitter cold. In temperatures of -40°C, the animals soon suffered frostbite’ to their ears. The circus keepers decided to warm the elephants up with two glasses of vodka mixed with warm water. It helped, and the elephants started “roaring happily as if they were in the jungle”, one keeper said. Like with humans, alcohol can make animals feel warmer, but it lowers the body temperature, scientists warn. However, the Novosibirsk zoo director said that the elephants were not harmed or intoxicated and that with the alcohol they escaped certain death.
‘ frostbite: omrzliny
26. What happened to the elephants?
A Nakedi Sleepwalker
At 2 a.m. Rebekah Armstrong was woken by a noise coming from the garden. When she realised her husband Tim was not in bed, she went downstairs to see what was happening. Rebekah saw that Tim was cutting the grass wearing nothing! She immediately understood he was sleepwalking! She was afraid to wake him up because she knew it could be dangerous to disturb someone who is sleepwalking. She just turned the lawnmower2 off, went back to bed and let her husband get on with it. Tim later got back into bed and put his pyjamas on. He didn’t believe Rebekah when she told him what he’d been doing.
‘ naked: nahý
2 lawnmower: sekačka na trávu
27 What did Rebekah do when she realised her husband was sleepwalking naked’?
A Robbery Story
In 2007, a man broke into Suzie Fronterotta’s home in London and stole £1,000 and several pieces ofjewellery.To the owner’s surprise, she received a package containing the stolen objects three years later. The parcel also included a note with his apology and an explanation saying that ever since he robbed Suzie’s house, he had had bad luck, including the death of his wife. So this bad guy, who didn’t write his name, decided to change for the better. He also said he would pay back the £1,000 when he earned enough money. Suzie therefore asked the police not to arrest the man if they ever found him.
28 What was not in the parcel that Suzie got from the robber?
ČÁST 6 ÚLOHY 29-38 10 bodů/1 bod
Přečtěte si tvrzení v úlohách 29-38 a leták s informacemi o letní jazykové škole.
English Holiday School (EHS) in Covent Garden
EHS offers summer English courses for young students from all over the world! Our summer English courses are designed for learners aged 15 to 19 years at all levels of English except for complete-beginner level. Students can live either in the Holborn Halls of Residence, situated only a two-minute walk from the school, or with English host families.
Each morning is focused on classroom learning, especially speaking, listening and grammar skills. Afternoon activities and classes are an integral part of the course, where students practise and develop the language skills learned during the morning lessons. Students are tested on their first day and placed into the appropriate class according to their ability in English. All students receive a certificate of attendance at the end of their stay at EHS.
9:30 -12:55 13:30 -18:00*
Monday Lessons Sports (optional)
Tuesday Lessons Cultural activities
Wednesday Lessons Lessons
Thursday Lessons Leisure activities
Friday Lessons Excursion (optional)
Saturday All-day excursion
Course with accommodation in a host family. The minimum stay is two weeks; for lower levels, three weeks are recommended. All course expenses and study materials are included in the price, as well as accommodation with full board, bus/underground fares to and from school if necessary, and all obligatory activities stated in the programme. There are always two students accommodated in one host family. We never place students of the same mother tongue with a host family.
Possible course dates: 1st July 2014 to 31st August 2014. Course with accommodation in the Holborn Halls of Residence. The minimum stay is as above. For lower levels, three weeks are recommended. The price includes all course expenses, study materials, accommodation (in single, double or multiple rooms) and half board. We cannot guarantee that you will be accommodated with student(s) of a different mother tongue.
Possible course dates: 15th July 2014 to 31st August 2014
A deposit on the course price must be paid at the moment of registration: £100 for students staying with a host family or £50 for students staying at the Holborn Halls of Residence. The rest of the course payment must be received 4 weeks before the start of the course.
Na základě informací v textu rozhodněte, zda jsou tvrzení pravdivá (P), nebo nepravdivá (N).
29 The EHS courses are also for students who don’t know any English yet. (N)
30 EHS is within walking distance of the Holborn Halls of Residence. (P)
31 Students take a test at the end of the course. (N)
32 All afternoon activities are included in the price of the course. (N)
33 Afternoon activities may not always finish at 6 p.m. (P)
34 Students at lower Ievels are advised to do a three-week course at Ieast. (P)
35 In host families, a student is accommodated with another student speaking a different language. (P)
36 Students living in the Holborn Halls of Residence have to attend the course for at least two weeks. (P)
37 Students staying in host families can start their course earlier
than students staying in the Holborn Halls of Residence. (P)
38 The course payment is separated into two parts. (P)
7 ČÁST ÚLOHY 39-43
Přečtěte si článek o divadelní hře The Mousetrap od Agathy Christie. Na základě informací v textu vyberte k úlohám 39-43 vždy jednu správnou odpověd’ A-D.
In 1947, Queen Mary asked for a radio play to be written for her 80th birthday by Agatha Christie. The play was broadcast on May 30, 1947, and it was called Three Blind Mice. Christie adapted the radio play into a theatre play four years later and although she
was quite happy with the original title of the play, she renamed it The Mousetrap. The name had to be changed because of protests by another author, Emile Littler, who had produced a theatre play also named Three Blind Mice before the Second World War. The
suggestion to call it The Mousetrap came from Christie’s son-in-law Anthony Hicks, who borrowed the idea from Shakespeare’s play Hamlet.
Agatha Christie gave all the rights to the play to her grandson, Matthew Prichard, as a present for his 9th birthday. In 1956, British film producer John Woolf bought the rights to the film from Prichard. Nevertheless, Woolf had to agree to the condition that he wouldn’t make a film version earlier than 6 months after the last performance of the play on stage. Woolf died in 1999 and The Mousetrap was still playing at St Martin’s Theatre in London, where it is still played at present. With its 24,500 performances, it is the longest-running show in history. And, obviously, there won’t be a film version until at least 6 months after the last stage performance in London.
Christie herself did not expect The Mousetrap to run for such a long time. In her autobiography, she reports a conversation that she had with Peter Saunders, a theatre producer, right after the first performance in 1951. He expected that the play would not even be performed for twelve months. Agatha Christie disagreed and gave her play only about eight months on stage. However, in September 1957, The Mousetrap broke the record for the longest-running play in the West End.
Since the beginning, more than 10 million people have seen this classic murder mystery, where at the end of each performance, audiences are asked not to tell the identity of the killer to anyone outside the theatre.The producers and actors want to make sure that the end of the play stays a secret for future audiences. Christie was always very angry when the endings of her works were revealed in newspapers.
The play inspired producer Stephen Waley-Cohen to start a theatrical education charity called The Mousetrap Theatre Project. The project is for young people from poor families or with disabilities. With the help of the project, they can see the best theatre performances live and don’t only learn about theatre plays as a part of a school education programme.
(www.didyouknow.org, upraveno; http://www.raleighlittletheatre.org)
39 Why did Agatha Christie change the name of the play?
40. What does the second paragraph say about the film version of the play?
41 What did the theatre producer think about the play?
He thought that the play:SprávněŠpatně
42 What does the word “revealed” mean? (Paragraph 4)
43. Why was The Mousetrap Theatre Project charity started?
ČÁST8 ÚLOHY 44-48 5 bodů/1 bod
Přečtěte si informace o pěti lidech, kteří hledají bydlení, a nabídky realitní kanceláře. Na základě informací v textech přiřaďte k úlohám 44-48 vždy jednu nabídku A-G. Dvě nabídky jsou navíc a nebudou použity.
- A young couple would like to buy or rent a large house located either in the city or in the countryside. Good access to the city centre, schools and shops is a must as they don't have a car. The house has to have a nearby playground or its own garden for their kids to play in.
- A retired couple would like to move away from the busy city centre to a quiet part of the city or a village.They want to buy a large house as they have many grandchildren who often come to visit them. Besides a nice garden, they need a garage for their luxury car.
- Four university students are looking for a two-bedroom furnished flat to rent, either in a house or a block of flats, in the city centre or suburbs.They have no car so they need to find a place a short distance from the public transportation links.
- An architect, who prefers historical houses to modern high-rise blocks of flats, wants to buy a one- or two-bedroom furnished flat in the city or in the countryside. He often works from home, so he needs a workroom or a home office, as well as a garage in the house for his antique car.
- A single artist wants to rent or buy a one- or two-bedroom flat anywhere in the city centre or in the suburbs but Glose to public transport links - she has no driving licence. She would prefer to choose her own furniture. She needs a workroom for her paintings.
44. M&A Estate Agency offers a four-bedroom Victorian house for sale! The house is situated in a quiet quarter of the city and within walking distance to bus and train stops so it takes only a couple of minutes to get to local schools and shops. There is no garage but street parking for one car is available in front of the house. The new owners will love the large backyard, which is perfectly suitable for children to play games, and also ideal for pets.
45. For sale! M&A Estate Agency presents a huge, luxurious four-bedroom detached house located in the riverside village of Northshire. This rural area offers wonderful walks along the river and beautiful views across the countryside. Outside, the property has a swimming pool and a large, west-facing garden. A detached garage can accommodate two cars and several bicycles. Note: Not suitable for families with children of school age as the nearest school is situated a 90-minute drive away.
46. M&A Estate Agency presents a sunny two-bedroom flat for rent on the first floor of a detached house. The house is situated in a city suburb Glose to all main transport links to shops, schools, the university and Victoria Hospital.This simple but fully furnished flat with a large balcony is only for non-smoking tenants but household animals are welcome. Call us and arrange a viewing!
47. M&A Estate Agency presents luxurious one- and two-bedroom top-floor flats available for sale now.The flats are situated in a historical townhouse right in the heart of the city. Each flat is equipped with designer furniture and has its own garage. Both flats have their own access to a section of the historical attic which can be used as a workroom, children's playroom or a home office. No animals are allowed in the building! Don't miss this opportunity and call us to arrange a visit.
48. M&A Estate Agency offers new one- and two-bedroom flats for rent in an elegant terraced house located in a city suburb with excellent access to the underground and a train station. Both flats are unfurnished so the new tenants can equip the flat to their taste. Each flat has its own garage which can also be used as a studio, workroom or storage. Flat shares and students are welcome but non-smokers only! The house owners will gladly welcome your pets.
9. ČÁST ÚLOHY 49-6315 bodů/1 bod Max. bodů – 1, váha 10. Pro zisk bodu je potřeba odpovědět na všechny otázky správně.
Přečtěte si článek o fotografii známé po celém světě. Na základě textu vyberte k úlohám 49-63 vždy jednu správnou odpověd’ A-C.
The True Story behind the “Afghan Mona Lisa”
Sharbat Gula was a 13-year-old girl from Afghanistan when her face (49) (C) appeared) on the cover of National Geographic magazine. It was 28 years (50) ) (B) ago) and the picture immediately received international attention. Her eyes were bright green and she was wearing (51) (B) a) red scarf over her hair.
Photographer Steve McCurry took the photograph when Sharbat, (52) (A) whose) parents were killed during the Soviet war in Afghanistan, was living with the rest of her family in a refugee camp’ in Pakistan.”There’s real emotion and real beauty (53) (C) in) the picture;’ Mr McCurry says. “It shows the situation of a girl who suddenly lost her home and (54) (B) had) to escape from her country because of the horrible war. She ended up in a refugee camp (55) (B) many) miles away. The picture shows a poor girl with a dirty face but with strength and courage in her eyes.”
Ever since the picture (56) (B) was published) in 1985, the magazine has received thousands of questions about the girl. Mr McCurry returned to the region more than ten times (57) (A) to) look for her. Unfortunately, he didn’t know (58) (B) anything) about the girl; he didn’t even know her name! But he never stopped searching the refugee camps, (59) (A) although) the search often seemed hopeless. In 2002, he managed to find a man who knew Sharbat’s family. A couple of days later, the man returned with the girl’s brother.
His eyes were as beautiful (60) (C) as) Sharbat’s. Finally, Mr McCurry and a team from National Geographic met Sharbat in her (61) (C) native) Afghan village near the Pakistani border.
“It was a miracle that we found her. I somehow expected the girl from this photograph to walk through the door, and I was (62) (B) shocked) when a 30-year-old woman entered the room,”McCurry says. Sharbat Gula herself didn’t know about the fame of her picture. She had never seen it before the team arrived. Today, Mr McCurry is still in contact with Sharbat; he wants (63) (C) to make) sure she’s all right and that she gets money for the picture known all over the world.
‘ refugee camp: utečenecký tábor
Písemná práce část 1
Časopis pro studenty anglického jazyka vyzval své čtenáře, aby napsali článek na téma:
My favourite place.
Rozhodl/a jste se na výzvu reagovat.
Napište članek v rozsahu 120-150 slov, ve kterém:
• uvedete, o jaké místo se jedná;
• vysvětlíte, proč je právě toto místo vaše oblíbené;
• popíšte dané misto;
• uvedete, co na tomto místě obvykle děláte.
If you are tired from sitting at home in front of your computers then this article is for you. I would like to invite for a trip to my favourite place in the mountains in Beskydy.
These are the most beautiful mountains in Czech Republic! I adore the mountains because while I am standing on the top I can see the harmony of the world and breathe with the air , that gives me power and energy to live my life.
It’s true that the mountains are awesome due to their breathtaking view and amazing landscape in different seasons!
I am never bored there. Usually my friends and I spend most of the weekends skiing and snowboarding there in winter. In summer we climb to the top, make open fire and play the gitar under the stars.
If you need changes, just join me in my favourite place.
Písemná práce část 2
Jste na jazykoveém kurzu ve Velké Británii a bydlíte na koleji. Právě se chystáte odejít na společenskou akci.
Napšte své/svémuu spolubydlící/spolubydlícímu vzkaz v rozsahu 60-70 slov, ve kterém:
• uvedete, na jakou akci jdete;
• uvedete dve informace o akci;
• nabidnete mu/jí, aby take přišel/přišla na akci;
• uvedete důvod, proč by měl/a na akci přijít.
I am going to the meeting for newsettles in our dormitory.
At the meeting new rules will be announced for those who came to the UK to study English and they will give the brochures with our programme.
I think you need attend it.
To my mind it is extremely important for you as well as you are a new comer.